Viga SARS-CoV-2

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Viga SARS COV-2 Molecular Diagnostic Kit is used for qualitative diagnostic of SARS COV-2 from samples of Nasopharyngeal swab, throat swab, anterior nose swab, nasal wash and nasal spiration of people with suspected COVID-19 that are provided by health care professional staffs.

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Description

Kit content

Components 100 preps
Q-ROMAX, 4X 500 µl
Pro I Mix 400 µl
RTase, Recombinant Reverse Transcriptase,

RNase H-

100 µl
Positive Control 150µl
Negative Control 150 µl

Description

Viga SARS COV-2 Molecular Diagnostic Kit is used for qualitative diagnostic of SARS COV-2 from samples of Nasopharyngeal swab, throat swab, anterior nose swab, nasal wash and nasal spiration of people with suspected COVID-19 that are provided by health care professional staffs. This kit is designed for qualitative diagnostic of RdRP genes and N gene from SARS-COV-2 genome.

Specimen collection

Consider all samples potentially infectious and transfer them by precisely following the biosafety guidelines. The collection swab should have a synthetic tip, such as nylon or dacron, and an aluminum or plastic shaft. cotton swab with wooden shafts is not recommended. After sample collection, swabs should be stored at VTM (virus transfer medium) immediately.

 Specimen isolation

For viral nucleic acid isolation, use RNJia Virus Kit (REF: RN983072) or other kits with confirmation of ministry health.

Process

Take out each component from the kit and place them on bench top. Allow the reagents to equilibrate to room temperature, then briefly vortex each tube for later use. The volume of isolated sample in this test should be 10µl. Prepare PCR reaction refer to Table 1 and then perform Realtime PCR refer to Table 2.

Table 1: PCR reaction preparation

Components Volume
Q-ROMAX, 4X µl 5
Pro I Mix 4 µl
RTase, Recombinant Reverse Transcriptase, RNase H- µl 1
Isolated RNA µl 10

 

Table 2: one-step Multiple Real Time-RT-PCR

Cycles Temp Time Stage
1 50ºC 20

min

cDNA

synthesis

1 95ºC 3

min

Polymerase

activation

 

45

cycles

95ºC 10s Denaturation
55ºC 45 s Annealing and

extension

72ºC 15 s Final

extension

 

 

Interpretation of results

  • Data analysis for each gene should be done separately by using manual threshold. Threshold for each sample should be consider in curved exponential phase of fluorescence and upper than background signal. Green Fam fluorophore for RdRp gene, orange TexasRed fluorophore for N gene and yellow HEX fluorophore for RNase P (internal control).
  • NTC is used for controlling contamination. Increasing the amount of fluorescence curve in NTC does not pass the threshold. Ct lowers than 35, is considered as possible contamination. In case of strong signals, the Ct upper than 35 for NTC could be PCR artifacts (A typical shape of S curve).
  • Internal control or RNase P gene Ct should be 40 or lower than it in all clinical samples. This shows the presence of human nucleic acid and also acceptable quality of sample.
  • RNase P Ct>40 or no observed Ct indicate low sample concentration or PCR inhibitor. In this condition it is recommended to dilute the isolated sample 1:2 and repeat the PCR test. If the result is not acceptable again, isolate another fresh sample from patient and repeat the test.
  • The positive clinical sample must have Ct≤40.
  • If positive reaction does not show typical S-shaped curve,the performed test is not acceptable. So, repeat the test again by following the instruction.
  • Determine the cause of defects in positive control reaction. Do corrective actions, and document them.
  • For results interpretation about positive and negative controls refer to Table 3.

Table 3: Acceptable situation for positive and negative control

positive and negative control

 

Situation IC HEX N

Texas Red

RdRp FAM
Positive control N.A + +
+

 

+
 

Negative control

 

+

 

 

Not accepted results  

 

 

Result of (-): Ct value >40 or undetermined, Result of (+): Ct value ≤ 40*

 

Limitations

  • Low virus titration in patient sample, improper sample transportation and low quality of template, lead to false negative
  • Coronavirus genome genetic diversity can lead to false negative
  • If control results are not valid, other reactions cannot be All positive results must have S- shaped curves.
  • Minimum limit of detection is 100 copy/ml.

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Additional information

Size

100 prep

Resources

Hand Book Viga SARS-CoV-2

This post is also available in: blankPersian

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